La Bourgogne

Burgundy

 

Until the late 18th century Burgundy was not part of France, but of a Dukedom with the powerful and long reigning Burgundy Dukes. One time allies to the English kings against the French king. The Burgundy frontiers stretched across eastern France and into Flanders. The Cistercian influence is also very significant, with many abbeys and monasteries such as Cluny, Fontennay and Citeaux.

Wine is one of the pillars and pride of Burgundy, with some of the most famous wines in the world coming from the concentrated vineyards. The Romans introduced grapes and the production was mastered by the local monks.

Farming is dominated by cereal crops in the Saone plain and Nivernais plateau, whilst in the hill areas the is much cattle farming with the traditional white Charolais.

map

The diverse geography, with the Morvan park with cold granite to the limestone Saone valley. There is much woodland and forest, in the Cote dOr, Oak whilst in the Morvan there is Red Pine.

The important rivers such as the Saone and Yonne allowing access to the Rhone and Seine have provided the region with important network of navigable waterways such as the Burgundy Canal.

Burgundy's capital is Dijon.

 

Burgundy is composed of 4 départments:

Saône et Loire (71). Capital: Macon

The department is named after the two important rivers, the Saone which flows to the south and the Loire which flows to the north west.

The regional park of the Morvan provides a semi-mountainous area, with granite and a dense forest. The Chalonaise and Maçonais wines are fruity and light, offering an alternative to the heavier Burgundy wines found further north.

Worth a visit: Abbey of Cluny which was until the end of the 16th century the highest building of the christian world.

cluny

http://www.bourgogne-tourisme.com/patrimoine/cluny_.htm

 

Nièvre (58). Capital: Nevers

The small city of Nevers climbs above of the gentle countryside and looks towards the Loire river.

The body of Saint Bernadette who died in 1879 is in miraculous condition and lies in the Saint-Cyr Cathedral. A destination for pilgrims from all over the world.

The river Loire passes through the region and in the small town of Briare, there is a spectacular viaduct which is more than 600 metres long and carries the Canal Lateral du Loire across the river. Still today barges and boats use this engineering master piece built by Gustave Eiffel in 1890. This allowed vessels to cruise no matter how flooded or unstable the river Loire was.

viaduct

 

Cote-d'Or (21). Capital: Dijon

Literally "the Golden Hills", this french department is rich in history and culture. The main Burgundy wines are to be found here between Dijon and Beaune. The TGV high speed train can take to the heart of burgundy from Paris in just over an hours journey, low cost air flights from London, and multiple autoroutes, all add up to make the Cote d'Or a good destination

Divided into two distinct areas of activity, one of wine production.
The main vines begin on the sourthern outskirts of Dijon with the fields following the south east facing hills. Cote de Nuits and then Cote de Beaune. The concentration of vines leaves little room for anything else.

Worth a visit: Abbey of Fontenay, a Cistercian abbey built in 1119 by St Bernard.

fontenay

http://www.abbayedefontenay.com/abbayedefontenay.htm

 

Yonne (89). Capital: Auxerre

Named after the river Yonne, which flows from the centre of France, northwards and into the river Seine. The regional capital city of Auxerre is a worthy visit for all visitors. Small paved streets, shops and riverside restaurants.

The Chablis wine, river Yonne and the northern entrance to the Burgundy canal.

Worth a visit: Vezelay basilique, where the relics of Mary Magdelaine found in this wonderful Cistercian Basilique (listed with UNESCO as a world heritage).

vezelay

http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/84

 

 

Burgundy lists 5 "most beautiful villages in France"

Châteauneuf (Côte d'or) chat

 

flav Flavigny-sur-Ozerain (Côte d'or)

 

Noyers (Yonne) noyers

 

semur Semur-en-Brionnais (Saône et Loire)

 

Vézelay (Yonne) vezelay

 

 

 

What to do in Burgundy

 

Musee de l'Hotel-Dieu, in Beaune. Although this historic hospital, which dates back to the 1400s, still functions as a retirement home, its primary significance now lies as a tourist attraction.

hotel

 

Chateau de Cormatin, a beautiful 17th century chateau.

cormatin

 

Guedelon Castle, in Treigny.

guedelon

 

The Burgundy Canal
The Canal of Burgundy is a perfect destination for vacations and holidays. With more that 300 kms long of navigable waterways, there is much to do and see.
Holidays for self drive rental boats, luxury barge cruises, cycling, the locks and historical monuments to visit.
The canal crosses the region from the north to the south, and unites the river Seine to the Rhone.

http://www.burgundy-canal.com/

 

Morvan
Granite stone, lakes such as Settons, cold and wet climate, but a great place to visit. Traditional food and music.

http://www.parcdumorvan.org/

 

 

Traditional Events and Festivals


Dijon Antiques Fair, mid May. Dijon’s antiques fair has been running annually for over 30 years at the Parc des Expositions. One of the best in France, it brings together 120 exhibitors (80 antique dealers plus 40 exhibitors in the brocante section) with more than 20,000 visitors pouring in to admire their wares.

http://www.burgundytoday.com/grapevine/dijon-antique-fair.htm


Festival National de Blues- Le Creusot, late June. For the last years, the public was fascinated by Luther Allison, Lucky Peterson, Popa Chubby, the Animals, and so on… The festival tries to offer an eclectic program with the best quality.

blues

http://www.festival-du-blues.com/?lang=fr


Formula One French Grand Prix- Magny-Cours; early July.

http://www.circuitmagnycours.com/


Chalon dans la Rue/Street Theatre Festival- Chalon-sur-Saône. Every year, on the third weekend in July (Thursday to Sunday), the biggest street theatre festival in France is held in Chalon sur Saône. Many theatre groups use the streets of Chalon as backdrop for their talents. This is a very funny way to discover the city, as many of the shows are held in different parts of the city, enabling the public to discover unknown places in Chalon.

rue


Tournus Passions summer Festival- Tournus, June-September. Since 1987, all the summer activities are gathered in the festival "Tournus Passions".
Classical concerts in the prestigious frame of the Abbey Saint-Philibert, rock, Latino, jazz concerts, on public places,
Festival for children, in the first days of July, Fun fairs on July 14 and Saint-Philibert (3rd Sunday of August), National Day of Historic Monuments on the 3rd Saturday and Sunday of September.


Les Trois Glorieuses (wine festival and auction)- Beaune, November. Also called "the three glorious days", they are centred on the Hospice de Beaune wine auction, which is the oldest and most traditional wine auction in the world. It dates from 1859 when 189 barrels of fine Burgundy wine were sold.


Launch of the Beaujolais Nouveau wine, third Thursday of each November. At one past midnight on the third Thursday of each November, from little villages and towns, over a million cases of Beaujolais Nouveau begin their journey through a sleeping France to Paris for immediate shipment to all parts of the world. Banners proclaim the good news: Le Beaujolais Nouveau est arrivé! "The New Beaujolais has arrived!" The Beaujolais is a tasty red wine made from Gamay grapes produced in the Beaujolais region. French law states that the Beaujolais Nouveau cannot be released any earlier than the third Thursday of November, so every year on this day producers embark on a mad race to get the first bottles on the shelves. The celebrations began as a local phenomenon in the bars and cafés of Beaujolais and Lyon, where pitchers were filled from the growers'barrels, but nowadays it's celebrated around the world.

beaujolais

http://www.beaujolais.net/


Dijon International Gastronomic Fair, early November. Famed for its good food and wine, the town of Dijon will host the International Gastronomy Fair for the 81st year. Over 200,000 visitors are expected, with 600 exhibitors, making this one of the top ranking food fairs in France.

The fair offers a wide choice for the professional and amateur cook alike. New products in the field of food and wine as well as new trends in home and leisure will be on show. Each year, a foreign country is invited to add a touch of the exotic to the scene and this year Hungary will be the guest choice.

http://www.burgundytoday.com/grapevine/dijon-gastronomy-fair.htm


Chablis Wine Festival- Chablis, late November.

http://www.chablis.net/

 

 

Markets

Specialist producers of local honey and cheese, mirabelles and mytilles in season, andouillettes and boudin, truffles and mushrooms. Market day is always lively and fun. They start early in the morning, by midday the wares are being packed away.

Most villages have a street market but here is a list of the main players. Organic products, 'bio' in French are on sale throughout the region – look for the AB sign 'Agriculture Biologique'.

Macon, every Saturday morning.

Nevers, at la Halle Carnot, everyday except Sunday and Monday

Dijon flea Market early October, and every Tuesday, Friday, Saturday morning.

Auxerre, at Arquebuse, every Tuesday and Friday morning.

 

More info on: http://www.burgundytoday.com/gourmet-traveller/markets.htm

 

 

Gastronomy


Cheese specialty: The Epoisses and the Soumaintrain

Cuisine:
-Boeuf bourguignon (beef simmered in red wine with mushrooms, small white onions and chunks of bacon, see recipe below!).
-Jambon persille (parsley ham).
-Escargots a la bourguignone (snails).
-Pain d'epices (bread).
-Coq au vin (chicken cooked in wine).

Wine:
The vineyards south of Dijon divide into two distinct regions, Cote de Nuits, grouping most of the region's top reds, and Cote de Beaune, with reds only slightly less prestigious but still very good. Also the locals say that their white wines are the world's greatest.
Cote de Nuits: Gevrey-Chambertin, Chambolle-Musigny, Clos de Vougeot, Vosne-Romanee, and Nuits-Saint-Georges.
Cote de Beaune: Aloxe-Corton, Savigny-les-Beaune, Beaune, Pommard, Volnay, Santenay, Puligny-Montrachet, Meursault.

http://fwdservice.com/?dmn=francebeaujolais.com&folio=212511050

 

 

Boeuf Bourguignon

Ingredients

Serves 6

 

2 large onions, chopped
2 large carrots, sliced in rounds
2 tablespoons cooking oil
6 ounces lean bacon cut into small pieces
2 pounds of stew meat, cut into bite size pieces
1 bottle of red wine (less a glass or two if you wish)
1 bouquet garni or 2 tablespoons mixed dried herbs
1 garlic clove, peeled
1 pound mushrooms, sliced
2 tablespoons butter
1 tablespoon tomato concentrate
Salt and pepper

 

Preparation

Prep time: 15 min

Cook time: 3 hours

boeuf

In a large heavy pot or Dutch oven, cook the onions and carrots in the oil on medium heat until soft, about 8 minutes.


Add the bacon and continue cooking and stirring for 8 minutes.
Add the meat and cook, turning several times, until browned on all sides. Sprinkle the meat with salt and pepper.

Add the herbs, the garlic and the red wine. Cover, turn down the heat, and let simmer for at least two hours.
Meanwhile cook the mushrooms in the butter until soft and add to the stew after about two hours along with the tomato concentrate.


Simmer until meat is very tender.
If you are thickening your stew before serving, mix the butter and flour together in a small bowl until well blended.

Blend in a tablespoon of the cooking liquid, and then stir this mixture back into the stew. Continue cooking for several minutes.

 

Table Linen from Bourgogne:

Many Jacquard fabrics are woven in the Eastern part of France.

The Jacquard fabrics and process are named after their French inventor, Joseph Marie Jacquard (1752 - 1834). He recognized that although weaving was intricate, it was repetitive, and saw that a mechanism could be developed for the production of sophisticated patterns. (Similar ideas were pursued by others before 1750, but Jacquard perfected and popularized the concept by about 1803.)

Jacquard weaving makes possible in almost any loom the programmed raising of each warp thread independently of the others. This brings much greater versatility to the weaving process, and offers the highest level of warp yarn control. This mechanism is probably one of the most important weaving inventions as Jacquard shedding made possible the automatic production of unlimited varieties of pattern weaving.

 

Cotton Jacquard tablecloths in our collection: http://www.lepinparasol.com/french_jacquard_tablecloths.htm
pink and green Jacquard tablecloth
Roma red Jacquard tablecloth
Urns and lavender Jacquard tablecloth
Tetra pink and green Jacquard tablecloth
mountain design jacquard tablecloth jacquard tablecloth polyester yellow tablecloth
Mountain design Jacquard tablecloth
Faience Jacquard tablecloth
Sonia stripes polyester Jacquard tablecloth

You can see our entire collection on this page of our website:
http://www.lepinparasol.com/french_jacquard_tablecloths.htm

To get a price for any other size or place an order:

Contact & Order

 


More useful links:

http://www.visitdijon.com/

http://www.burgundyeye.com/

http://www.burgundy-tourism.com/

http://www.burgundytoday.com/

http://www.burgundy-wines.fr/

 

 

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Catherine Castelain
c.castelain@lepinparasol.com
Date Last Modified: 4/3/15
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